Everyone who uses the Internet has come across this term Website security, but most of them wonder what exactly this is? Is it protecting the website or protecting the internet as a whole. Well, if you are a personal user or a business user, your website needs protection. Because any infringement to your site, means it will impact your online business. On the other hand, creating and maintaining your website means you are serious about your business.
Website security is a term that many thinks are too with the elites and those in huge business. The hackers want you to believe that it is some kind of a mysterious process, and not everybody has to worry about it, which is not the actual case. In fact, website security makes no difference; if you are elite or not, you will have been on your toes and takes all possible measure to ensure you secured. It is just like how you safeguard your personal ID, bank details, it is about common sense.
The website security threat is about malware, hacking, and other dubious injection of codes etc, the intent to the criminals is to exploit the vulnerabilities in your site. The vulnerabilities can be a weak password or some other technical flaw, or a cross-scripting etc. There are many things that involve when it comes to website securities.
One has to understand that website security is for real and there are vulnerabilities in your website. Unless you can find it one cannot be sure. So when the website owner has to look at everything in the process from the hosted website, to the different plugins and other blogging platform integrated with your website, one cannot be sure if the website is fine. As said it is a matter of common sense, and if you still believe that your website is perfectly fine, then you are wrong. Who knows if everything looks fine, but in the background, your website is sending out zombie malware, this way you will not know because criminals are one step ahead. They not only keep their ego on top, but also have this sense of achievement that they made a fool of an innocent website user to trick him and use his website for the dubious purpose.
The best way to look at things is to see it from that perspective of security, and you may be working out in a way that would lead you to keep your website safe from the data breach. So website security is as important as your website, and you see your business reputation is there, and let nobody mess around with your website because you have secured it for the best.
Here we’ll talk about Penetration testing & Hacking Tools, which are often used by security experts and organization to analyze the vulnerabilities in network and applications. We have given here a set of Comprehensive Penetration testing tools list that covers Performing Penetration testing Operation in the entire Environment.
Penetration Testing Distributions – A versatile tools that can help you to get the most out of your Linux system while simultaneously avoiding the malicious threats of the internet.
• Kali – GNU/Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing Hacking Tools
• ArchStrike – Arch GNU/Linux repository for security professionals and enthusiasts.
• BlackArch – Arch GNU/Linux-based distribution for penetration testers and security researchers.
• Network Security Toolkit (NST) – Fedora-based bootable live operating system designed to provide easy access to best-of-breed open source network security applications.
• Pentoo – Security-focused live CD based on Gentoo.
• BackBox – Ubuntu-based distribution for penetration tests and security assessments.
• Parrot – Distribution similar to Kali, with multiple architecture.
• Buscador – GNU/Linux virtual machine that is pre-configured for online investigators.
• Fedora Security Lab – Provides a safe test environment to work on security auditing, forensics, system rescue and teaching security testing methodologies.
• The Pentesters Framework – Distro organized around the Penetration Testing Execution Standard (PTES), providing a curated collection of utilities that eliminates often unused toolchains.
• AttifyOS – GNU/Linux distribution focused on tools useful during Internet of Things (IoT) security assessments.
Docker for Penetration Testing– is an open source technology that lets you create, run, test, and deploy distributed applications within software containers.
• docker pull kalilinux/kali-linux-docker – official Kali Linux
• docker pull owasp/zap2docker-stable – official OWASP ZAP
• docker pull wpscanteam/wpscan – official WPScan
• docker pull citizenstig/dvwa – Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA)
• docker pull wpscanteam/vulnerablewordpress – Vulnerable WordPress Installation
• docker pull hmlio/vaas-cve-2014-6271 – Vulnerability as a service: Shellshock
• docker pull hmlio/vaas-cve-2014-0160 – Vulnerability as a service: Heartbleed
• docker pull opendns/security-ninjas – Security Ninjas
• docker pull diogomonica/docker-bench-security – Docker Bench for Security
• docker pull ismisepaul/securityshepherd – OWASP Security Shepherd
• docker pull danmx/docker-owasp-webgoat – OWASP WebGoat Project docker image
• docker-compose build && docker-compose up – OWASP NodeGoat
• docker pull citizenstig/nowasp – OWASP Mutillidae II Web Pen-Test Practice Application
• docker pull bkimminich/juice-shop – OWASP Juice Shop
• docker pull kalilinux/kali-linux-docker – Kali Linux Docker Image
• docker pull phocean/msf – docker-metasploit
Multi-paradigm Frameworks– Multiuser integrated pentesting environment for red teams performing cooperative penetration tests, security audits, and risk assessments.
• Metasploit – Software for offensive security teams to help verify vulnerabilities and manage security assessments.
• Armitage – Java-based GUI front-end for the Metasploit Framework.
• Faraday – Multiuser integrated pentesting environment for red teams performing cooperative penetration tests, security audits, and risk assessments.
• ExploitPack – Graphical tool for automating penetration tests that ships with many pre-packaged exploits.
• Pupy – Cross-platform (Windows, Linux, macOS, Android) remote administration and post-exploitation tool
• AutoSploit – Automated mass exploiter, which collects target by employing the Shodan.io API and programmatically chooses Metasploit exploit modules based on the Shodan query.
Vulnerability Scanners– Commercial vulnerability and risk management assessment engine and finds security flaws.
• Nexpose – Commercial vulnerability and risk management assessment engine that integrates with Metasploit, sold by Rapid7.
• Netsparker Application Security Scanner – Application security scanner to automatically find security flaws.
• Nessus – Commercial vulnerability management, configuration, and compliance assessment platform, sold by Tenable.
• OpenVAS – Free software implementation of the popular Nessus vulnerability assessment system.
• Vuls – Agentless vulnerability scanner for GNU/Linux and FreeBSD, written in Go.
• Brakeman – Static analysis security vulnerability scanner for Ruby on Rails applications.
• cppcheck – Extensible C/C++ static analyzer focused on finding bugs.
• FindBugs – Free software static analyzer to look for bugs in Java code.
• sobelow – Security-focused static analysis for the Phoenix Framework.
• bandit – Security oriented static analyser for python code.
• Progpilot – Static security analysis tool for PHP code.
• Netsparker Application Security Scanner – Application security scanner to automatically find security flaws.
• Nikto – Noisy but fast black box web server and web application vulnerability scanner.
• Arachni – Scriptable framework for evaluating the security of web applications.
• w3af – Web application attack and audit framework.
• Wapiti – Black box web application vulnerability scanner with built-in fuzzer.
• SecApps – In-browser web application security testing suite.
• WebReaver – Commercial, graphical web application vulnerability scanner designed for macOS.
• WPScan – Black box WordPress vulnerability scanner.
• cms-explorer – Reveal the specific modules, plugins, components and themes that various websites powered by content management systems are running.
• joomscan – Joomla vulnerability scanner.
• ACSTIS – Automated client-side template injection (sandbox escape/bypass) detection for AngularJS.
Network Tools – Open source network scanner that enables researchers to easily perform Internet-wide network studies.
• zmap – Open source network scanner that enables researchers to easily perform Internet-wide network studies.
• nmap – Free security scanner for network exploration & security audits.
• pig – GNU/Linux packet crafting tool.
• scanless – Utility for using websites to perform port scans on your behalf so as not to reveal your own IP.
• tcpdump/libpcap – Common packet analyzer that runs under the command line.
• Wireshark – Widely-used graphical, cross-platform network protocol analyzer.
• Network-Tools.com – Website offering an interface to numerous basic network utilities like ping, traceroute, whois, and more.
• netsniff-ng – Swiss army knife for for network sniffing.
• Intercepter-NG – Multifunctional network toolkit.
• SPARTA – Graphical interface offering scriptable, configurable access to existing network infrastructure scanning and enumeration tools.
• dnschef – Highly configurable DNS proxy for pentesters.
• DNSDumpster – Online DNS recon and search service.
• CloudFail – Unmask server IP addresses hidden behind Cloudflare by searching old database records and detecting misconfigured DNS.
• dnsenum – Perl script that enumerates DNS information from a domain, attempts zone transfers, performs a brute force dictionary style attack, and then performs reverse look-ups on the results.
• dnsmap – Passive DNS network mapper.
• dnsrecon – DNS enumeration script.
• dnstracer – Determines where a given DNS server gets its information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers.
• passivedns-client – Library and query tool for querying several passive DNS providers.
• passivedns – Network sniffer that logs all DNS server replies for use in a passive DNS setup.
• Mass Scan – TCP port scanner, spews SYN packets asynchronously, scanning entire Internet in under 5 minutes.
• Zarp – Network attack tool centered around the exploitation of local networks.
• mitmproxy – Interactive TLS-capable intercepting HTTP proxy for penetration testers and software developers.
• Morpheus – Automated ettercap TCP/IP Hacking Tools .
• mallory – HTTP/HTTPS proxy over SSH.
• SSH MITM – Intercept SSH connections with a proxy; all plaintext passwords and sessions are logged to disk.
• Netzob – Reverse engineering, traffic generation and fuzzing of communication protocols.
• DET – Proof of concept to perform data exfiltration using either single or multiple channel(s) at the same time.
• pwnat – Punches holes in firewalls and NATs.
• dsniff – Collection of tools for network auditing and pentesting.
• tgcd – Simple Unix network utility to extend the accessibility of TCP/IP based network services beyond firewalls.
• smbmap – Handy SMB enumeration tool.
• scapy – Python-based interactive packet manipulation program & library.
• Dshell – Network forensic analysis framework.
• Debookee – Simple and powerful network traffic analyzer for macOS.
• Dripcap – Caffeinated packet analyzer.
• Printer Exploitation Toolkit (PRET) – Tool for printer security testing capable of IP and USB connectivity, fuzzing, and exploitation of PostScript, PJL, and PCL printer language features.
• Praeda – Automated multi-function printer data harvester for gathering usable data during security assessments.
• routersploit – Open source exploitation framework similar to Metasploit but dedicated to embedded devices.
• evilgrade – Modular framework to take advantage of poor upgrade implementations by injecting fake updates.
• XRay – Network (sub)domain discovery and reconnaissance automation tool.
• Ettercap – Comprehensive, mature suite for machine-in-the-middle attacks.
• BetterCAP – Modular, portable and easily extensible MITM framework.
• CrackMapExec – A swiss army knife for pentesting networks.
• impacket – A collection of Python classes for working with network protocols.
• ACLight – Script for advanced discovery of sensitive Privileged Accounts – includes Shadow Admins.
• dnstwist – Domain name permutation engine for detecting typo squatting, phishing and corporate espionage.
Wireless Network Tools – Set of tools for auditing wireless networks.
• Aircrack-ng – Set of Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list for auditing wireless networks.
• Kismet – Wireless network detector, sniffer, and IDS.
• Reaver – Brute force attack against WiFi Protected Setup.
• Wifite – Automated wireless attack tool.
• Fluxion – Suite of automated social engineering based WPA attacks.
Transport Layer Security Tools – Fast and comprehensive TLS/SSL configuration analyzer to help identify security mis-configurations.
• SSLyze – Fast and comprehensive TLS/SSL configuration analyzer to help identify security mis-configurations.
• tls_prober – Fingerprint a server’s SSL/TLS implementation.
• testssl.sh – Command line tool which checks a server’s service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as some cryptographic flaws.
• crackpkcs12 – Multithreaded program to crack PKCS#12 files (.p12 and .pfx extensions), such as TLS/SSL certificates.
Web Exploitation – Integrated platform for performing security testing of web applications.
• OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) – Feature-rich, scriptable HTTP intercepting proxy and fuzzer for penetration testing web applications.
• Fiddler – Free cross-platform web debugging proxy with user-friendly companion tools.
• Burp Suite – Integrated platform for performing security testing of web applications.
• autochrome – Easy to install a test browser with all the appropriate setting needed for web application testing with native Burp support, from NCCGroup.
• Browser Exploitation Framework (BeEF) – Command and control server for delivering exploits to commandeered Web browsers.
• Offensive Web Testing Framework (OWTF) – Python-based framework for pentesting Web applications based on the OWASP Testing Guide.
• WordPress Exploit Framework – Ruby framework for developing and using modules which aid in the penetration testing of WordPress powered websites and systems.
• WPSploit – Exploit WordPress-powered websites with Metasploit.
• SQLmap – Automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool.
• tplmap – Automatic server-side template injection and Web server takeover Hacking Tools .
• weevely3 – Weaponized web shell.
• Wappalyzer – Wappalyzer uncovers the technologies used on websites.
• WhatWeb – Website fingerprinter.
• BlindElephant – Web application fingerprinter.
• wafw00f – Identifies and fingerprints Web Application Firewall (WAF) products.
• fimap – Find, prepare, audit, exploit and even Google automatically for LFI/RFI bugs.
• Kadabra – Automatic LFI exploiter and scanner.
• Kadimus – LFI scan and exploit tool.
• liffy – LFI exploitation tool.
• Commix – Automated all-in-one operating system command injection and exploitation tool.
• DVCS Ripper – Rip web accessible (distributed) version control systems: SVN/GIT/HG/BZR.
• GitTools – Automatically find and download Web-accessible .git repositories.
• sslstrip – Demonstration of the HTTPS stripping attacks.
• sslstrip2 – SSLStrip version to defeat HSTS.
• NoSQLmap – Automatic NoSQL injection and database takeover tool.
• VHostScan – A virtual host scanner that performs reverse lookups, can be used with pivot tools, detect catch-all scenarios, aliases and dynamic default pages.
• FuzzDB – Dictionary of attack patterns and primitives for black-box application fault injection and resource discovery.
• EyeWitness – Tool to take screenshots of websites, provide some server header info, and identify default credentials if possible.
• webscreenshot – A simple script to take screenshots of list of websites.
Hex Editor – Binary file editor for Windows.
• HexEdit.js – Browser-based hex editing.
• Hexinator – World’s finest (proprietary, commercial) Hex Editor.
• Frhed – Binary file editor for Windows.
• 0xED – Native macOS hex editor that supports plug-ins to display custom data types.
• Hex Fiend – Fast, open source, hex editor for macOS with support for viewing binary diffs.
File Format Analysis Tools – Binary data visualization and analysis tool.
• Veles – Binary data visualization and analysis tool.
• Hachoir – Python library to view and edit a binary stream as tree of fields and tools for metadata extraction.
Defense Evasion Tools – Automates the process of hiding a malicious Windows executable from antivirus (AV) detection.
• Veil – Generate metasploit payloads that bypass common anti-virus solutions.
• shellsploit – Generates custom shellcode, backdoors, injectors, optionally obfuscates every byte via encoders.
• Hyperion – Runtime encryptor for 32-bit portable executables (“PE .exes”).
• AntiVirus Evasion Tool (AVET) – Post-process exploits containing executable files targeted for Windows machines to avoid being recognized by antivirus software.
• peCloak.py – Automates the process of hiding a malicious Windows executable from antivirus (AV) detection.
• peCloakCapstone – Multi-platform fork of the peCloak.py automated malware antivirus evasion tool.
• UniByAv – Simple obfuscator that takes raw shellcode and generates Anti-Virus friendly executables by using a brute-forcable, 32-bit XOR key.
Hash Cracking Tools – Generates custom wordlists by spidering a target’s website and crack password.
• John the Ripper – Fast password cracker.
• Hashcat – The more fast hash cracker.
• CeWL – Generates custom wordlists by spidering a target’s website and collecting unique words.
• JWT Cracker – Simple HS256 JWT token brute force cracker.
• Rar Crack – RAR bruteforce cracker.
• BruteForce Wallet – Find the password of an encrypted wallet file (i.e. wallet.dat).
Windows Utilities – Credentials extraction tool for Windows operating system.
• Sysinternals Suite – The Sysinternals Troubleshooting Utilities.
• Windows Credentials Editor – Inspect logon sessions and add, change, list, and delete associated credentials, including Kerberos tickets.
• mimikatz – Credentials extraction tool for Windows operating system.
• PowerSploit – PowerShell Post-Exploitation Framework.
• Windows Exploit Suggester – Detects potential missing patches on the target.
• Responder – LLMNR, NBT-NS and MDNS poisoner.
• Bloodhound – Graphical Active Directory trust relationship explorer.
• Empire – Pure PowerShell post-exploitation agent.
• Fibratus – Tool for exploration and tracing of the Windows kernel.
• wePWNise – Generates architecture independent VBA code to be used in Office documents or templates and automates bypassing application control and exploit mitigation software.
• redsnarf – Post-exploitation tool for retrieving password hashes and credentials from Windows workstations, servers, and domain controllers.
• Magic Unicorn – Shellcode generator for numerous attack vectors, including Microsoft Office macros, PowerShell, HTML applications (HTA), or certutil (using fake certificates).
• DeathStar – Python script that uses Empire’s RESTful API to automate gaining Domain Admin rights in Active Directory environments.
GNU/Linux Utilities – Tool that enables heuristic reporting on potentially viable exploits for a given GNU/Linux system.
• Linux Exploit Suggester – Heuristic reporting on potentially viable exploits for a given GNU/Linux system.
macOS Utilities – Pure Python post-exploitation data mining and remote administration tool for macOS.
• Bella – Pure Python post-exploitation data mining and remote administration tool for macOS.
DDoS Tools – Open source network stress tool for Windows
• LOIC – Open source network stress tool for Windows.
• SlowLoris – DoS tool that uses low bandwidth on the attacking side.
• HOIC – Updated version of Low Orbit Ion Cannon, has ‘boosters’ to get around common counter measures.
• T50 – Faster network stress tool.
• UFONet – Abuses OSI layer 7 HTTP to create/manage ‘zombies’ and to conduct different attacks using; GET/POST, multithreading, proxies, origin spoofing methods, cache evasion techniques, etc.
Social Engineering Tools – pentesting framework designed for social engineering used for phishing credentials and session cookies.
• Social Engineer Toolkit (SET) – Open source pentesting framework designed for social engineering featuring a number of custom attack vectors to make believable attacks quickly.
• King Phisher – Phishing campaign toolkit used for creating and managing multiple simultaneous phishing attacks with custom email and server content.
• Evilginx – MITM attack framework used for phishing credentials and session cookies from any Web service.
• wifiphisher – Automated phishing attacks against WiFi networks.
• Catphish – Tool for phishing and corporate espionage written in Ruby.
• Beelogger – Tool for generating keylooger.
OSINT Tools – A Tool for open source intelligence and forensics, and also facilitates quick detection of viruses, worms, trojans, and malware.
• Maltego – Proprietary software for open source intelligence and forensics, from Paterva.
• theHarvester – E-mail, subdomain and people names harvester.
• creepy – Geolocation OSINT tool.
• metagoofil – Metadata harvester.
• Google Hacking Database – Database of Google dorks; can be used for recon.
• Google-dorks – Common Google dorks and others you probably don’t know.
• GooDork – Command line Google dorking tool.
• dork-cli – Command line Google dork tool.
• Censys – Collects data on hosts and websites through daily ZMap and ZGrab scans.
• Shodan – World’s first search engine for Internet-connected devices.
• recon-ng – Full-featured Web Reconnaissance framework written in Python.
• github-dorks – CLI tool to scan Github repos/organizations for potential sensitive information leak.
• vcsmap – Plugin-based tool to scan public version control systems for sensitive information.
• Spiderfoot – Multi-source OSINT automation tool with a Web UI and report visualizations
• BinGoo – GNU/Linux bash based Bing and Google Dorking Tool.
• fast-recon – Perform Google dorks against a domain.
• snitch – Information gathering via dorks.
• Sn1per – Automated Pentest Recon Scanner.
• Threat Crowd – Search engine for threats.
• Virus Total – VirusTotal is a free service that analyzes suspicious files and URLs and facilitates the quick detection of viruses, worms, trojans, and all kinds of malware.
• DataSploit – OSINT visualizer utilizing Shodan, Censys, Clearbit, EmailHunter, FullContact, and Zoomeye behind the scenes.
• AQUATONE – Subdomain discovery tool utilizing various open sources producing a report that can be used as input to other tools.
• Intrigue – Automated OSINT & Attack Surface discovery framework with powerful API, UI and CLI.
• ZoomEye – Search engine for cyberspace that lets the user find specific network components.
• gOSINT – OSINT tool with multiple modules and a telegram scraper.
Anonymity Tools – Tool for investigating the Dark Web by finding operational security issues introduced by Tor hidden service operators.
• Tor – Free software and onion routed overlay network that helps you defend against traffic analysis.
• OnionScan – Tool for investigating the Dark Web by finding operational security issues introduced by Tor hidden service operators.
• I2P – The Invisible Internet Project.
• Nipe – Script to redirect all traffic from the machine to the Tor network.
• What Every Browser Knows About You – Comprehensive detection page to test your own Web browser’s configuration for privacy and identity leaks.
Reverse Engineering Tools – Dynamic instrumentation toolkit for developers, reverse-engineers, and security researchers.
• WDK/WinDbg – Windows Driver Kit and WinDbg.
• OllyDbg – x86 debugger for Windows binaries that emphasizes binary code analysis.
• Radare2 – Open source, crossplatform reverse engineering framework.
• x64dbg – Open source x64/x32 debugger for windows.
• Immunity Debugger – Powerful way to write exploits and analyze malware.
• Evan’s Debugger – OllyDbg-like debugger for GNU/Linux.
• Medusa – Open source, cross-platform interactive disassembler.
• plasma – Interactive disassembler for x86/ARM/MIPS. Generates indented pseudo-code with colored syntax code.
• peda – Python Exploit Development Assistance for GDB.
• dnSpy – Tool to reverse engineer .NET assemblies.
• binwalk – Fast, easy to use tool for analyzing, reverse engineering, and extracting firmware images.
• PyREBox – Python scriptable Reverse Engineering sandbox by Cisco-Talos.
• Voltron – Extensible debugger UI toolkit written in Python.
• Capstone – Lightweight multi-platform, multi-architecture disassembly framework.
• rVMI – Debugger on steroids; inspect userspace processes, kernel drivers, and preboot environments in a single tool.
• Frida – Dynamic instrumentation toolkit for developers, reverse-engineers, and security researchers.
Physical Access Tools – A spoofing toolkit often used for analyzing and attacking proximity cards/readers, wireless keys/keyfobs, and more.
• LAN Turtle – Covert “USB Ethernet Adapter” that provides remote access, network intelligence gathering, and MITM capabilities when installed in a local network.
• USB Rubber Ducky – Customizable keystroke injection attack platform masquerading as a USB thumbdrive.
• Poisontap – Siphons cookies, exposes internal (LAN-side) router and installs web backdoor on locked computers.
• WiFi Pineapple – Wireless auditing and penetration testing platform.
• Proxmark3 – RFID/NFC cloning, replay, and spoofing toolkit often used for analyzing and attacking proximity cards/readers, wireless keys/keyfobs, and more.
Side-channel Tools – Complete open-source toolchain for side-channel power analysis and glitching attacks.
• ChipWhisperer – Complete open-source toolchain for side-channel power analysis and glitching attacks.
CTF Tools – Collection of setup scripts to install various security research tools easily and quickly deployable to new machines.
• ctf-tools – Collection of setup scripts to install various security research tools easily and quickly deployable to new machines.
• Pwntools – Rapid exploit development framework built for use in CTFs.
• RsaCtfTool – Decrypt data enciphered using weak RSA keys, and recover private keys from public keys using a variety of automated attacks.
Penetration Testing Report Templates – Curated list of public penetration test reports released by several consulting firms and academic security groups.
• Public Pentesting Reports – Curated list of public penetration test reports released by several consulting firms and academic security groups.
• Pentesting Report Template – testandverification.com template.
• Pentesting Report Template – hitachi-systems-security.com template.
• Pentesting Report Template – lucideus.com template.
• Pentesting Report Template – crest-approved.org templage.
• Pentesting Report Template – pcisecuritystandards.org template.
Penetration Testing Books
Hackers Handbook Series
Network Analysis Books
Reverse Engineering Books
Malware Analysis Books
Social Engineering Books
Lock Picking Books
Defcon Suggested Reading – Hacking Tools
• Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) – Dictionary of common names (i.e., CVE Identifiers) for publicly known security vulnerabilities.
• National Vulnerability Database (NVD) – United States government’s National Vulnerability Database provides additional meta-data (CPE, CVSS scoring) of the standard CVE List along with a fine-grained search engine.
• US-CERT Vulnerability Notes Database – Summaries, technical details, remediation information, and lists of vendors affected by software vulnerabilities, aggregated by the United States Computer Emergency Response Team (US-CERT).
• Full-Disclosure – Public, vendor-neutral forum for detailed discussion of vulnerabilities, often publishes details before many other sources.
• Bugtraq (BID) – Software security bug identification database compiled from submissions to the SecurityFocus mailing list and other sources, operated by Symantec, Inc.
• Exploit-DB – Non-profit project hosting exploits for software vulnerabilities, provided as a public service by Offensive Security.
• Microsoft Security Bulletins – Announcements of security issues discovered in Microsoft software, published by the Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC).
• Microsoft Security Advisories – Archive of security advisories impacting Microsoft software.
• Mozilla Foundation Security Advisories – Archive of security advisories impacting Mozilla software, including the Firefox Web Browser.
• Packet Storm – Compendium of exploits, advisories, tools, and other security-related resources aggregated from across the industry.
• CXSecurity – Archive of published CVE and Bugtraq software vulnerabilities cross-referenced with a Google dork database for discovering the listed vulnerability.
• SecuriTeam – Independent source of software vulnerability information.
• Vulnerability Lab – Open forum for security advisories organized by category of exploit target.
• Zero Day Initiative – Bug bounty program with publicly accessible archive of published security advisories, operated by TippingPoint.
• Vulners – Security database of software vulnerabilities.
• Open Source Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) – Historical archive of security vulnerabilities in computerized equipment, no longer adding to its vulnerability database as of April, 2016.
• HPI-VDB – Aggregator of cross-referenced software vulnerabilities offering free-of-charge API access, provided by the Hasso-Plattner Institute, Potsdam.